15. Some types of symmetrical tanru

This section deals with symmetrical tanru, where order is not important. Many of these tanru can be expressed with a logical or non-logical connective between the components.

The tanru may refer to things which are correctly specified by both tanru components. Some of these instances may also be seen as asymmetrical tanru where the seltau specifies a material. The connective “je” is appropriate:

      cipnrstrigi pacru'i          owl demon (Skt)
      nolraitru prije              royal sage (Skt)
      remna nakni                  human-being male (Qab = man)
      remna fetsi                  human-being female (Qab = woman)
      sonci tolvri                 soldier coward (Que)
      panzi nanmu                  offspring man (Ewe = son)
      panzi ninmu                  offspring woman (Ewe = daughter)
      solji sicni                  gold coin (Tur)
      solji junla                  gold watch (Tur,Kor,Hun)
      solji djine                  gold ring (Udm,Aba,Que)
      rokci zdani                  stone house (Imb)
      mudri zdani                  wooden house (Ewe)
      rokci bitmu                  stone wall (Ewe)
      solji carce                  gold chariot (Skt)
      mudri xarci                  wooden weapon (Skt)
      zdani tcadu                  home town (Chi)

          cipnrstrigi = fu'ivla for “owl” based on Linnean name
          pacru'i = evil-spirit
          tolvri = opposite-of-brave

The tanru may refer to all things which are specified by either of the tanru components. The connective “ja” is appropriate:

      nunji'a nunterji'a           victory defeat (Skt = victory or defeat)
      donri nicte                  day night (Skt = day and night)
      lunra tarci                  moon stars (Skt = moon and stars)
      patfu mamta                  father mother (Imb,Kaz,Chi = parents)
      tuple birka                  leg arm (Kaz = extremity)
      nuncti nunpinxe              eating drinking (Udm = cuisine)
      bersa tixnu                  son daughter (Chi = children)

          nunji'a = event-of-winning
          nunterji'a = event-of-losing
          nuncti = event-of-eating
          nunpinxe = event-of-drinking

Alternatively, the tanru may refer to things which are specified by either of the tanru components or by some more inclusive class of things which the components typify:

      curnu jalra                  worm beetle (Mon = insect)
      jalra curnu                  beetle worm (Mon = insect)
      kabri palta                  cup plate (Kaz = crockery)
      jipci gunse                  hen goose (Qab = housefowl)
      xrula tricu                  flower tree (Chi = vegetation)

The tanru components specify crucial or typical parts of the referent of the tanru as a whole:

      tumla vacri                  land air (Fin = world)
      moklu stedu                  mouth head (Aba = face)
      sudysrasu cunmi              hay millet (Qab = agriculture)
      gugde ciste                  state system (Mon = politics)
      prenu so'imei                people multitude (Mon = masses)
      djacu dertu                  water earth (Chi = climate)

          sudysrasu = dry-grass
          so'imei = manysome